Léon-Gontran Damas (March 28, 1912 – January 22, 1978) was a French poet and politician. He was one of the founders of the Négritude movement. He also used the pseudonym Lionel Georges André Cabassou. Léon Damas was born in Cayenne, French Guiana, to Ernest Damas, a mulatto of European and African descent, and Bathilde Damas, a Métisse of Native American and African ancestry
French Guiana’s poet and politician, Leon-Gontran Damas, was one of les trois pères (the three fathers) of la Négritude, a literary and philosophical movement begun in Paris during the early 1930s, which attacked colonialism and racism and celebrated African traditions and black culture. Leon Damas was born in Cayenne, French Guiana in 1912 to a middle-class family who claimed a mixture of European, Amerindian and African ancestry.
By Léon-Gontran Damas. PLAY ALL. Poesie De la Negritude: Léon Damas Reads Selected Poems From Pigments, Graffiti, Black Label, And Nevralgies. Released by FOLKWAYS RECORDS Jan 1967 17 Tracks. By Léon-Gontran Damas.
Poésie de la Negritude - Album Details on Folkways. Mine de Rien, unpublished poems by Leon Damas. php?title Léon Damas&oldid 848814757".
Léon-Gontran Damas, writer, educator and statesman, was born in Cayenne, French Guiana, in 1912. His career as a writer and journalist began in Paris during the 1930s. Together with the Martinique born writer and statesman Aimé Césaire and the Senegalese author and statesman Léopold Sédar Senghor, he co-founded the Negritude literary movement. Damas’ first volume of poetry, "Pigments," was published in 1937. He served briefly in the French army during the Second World War, and joined the French Resistance after his demobilization. The collection also includes one commercial long playing vinyl audio record, Poesie de la Negritude featuring readings by Damas of his poetry. In addition to works by Damas, the collection features Guy Tirolien, Bernard Dadie, Jacques Rabemananjara, Aimé Césaire, Léopold Sédar Senghor, Bob Stokes, Eugene Miller, Jayne Cortez and others.
Aimé Césaire of Martinique, and Léon-Gontran Damas of French Guiana, into the movement that became known as Negritude.
Keith Q. Warner, Critical Perspectives on Leon Gontran Damas (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1988);. Damas, Léon-Gontran" in Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Louis Gates, ed. Africana: Arts and Letters : an A-to-Z Reference of Writers, Musicians, and Artists of the African American Experience (Philadelphia: Running Press, 2005); Anthony E. Hurley, Through a Black Veil: Readings.